Aphthae are inflammations of the mucous membrane in the mouth and throat area. They manifest themselves as a small, milky white structure surrounded by a red courtyard. Their diameter is often no more than 1 cm.
The aphthae are usually located on the inside of the lips, in the tongue or cheek area. They can also be found in the throat area. Aphtae are very painful. Most affected people complain of burning, itching and above all strong pain when touched.
How long do apthae last in the mouth, throat and tongue?
Aphthae cause severe pain, especially when consuming hot or acidic foods. They usually burst open after a few days and the symptoms subside somewhat. It usually takes up to 3 weeks until the aphthae have completely disappeared.
The causes for the development of aphthae are still unknown. Heredity often plays a decisive role. Also, a restricted immune system, wounds, stress, allergic reactions or bacteria can favour the onset of the development of aphthae.
Furthermore, a vitamin deficiency can be the cause for the development of aphthae. Aphthae can generally be divided into three groups. There are small aphthae, which are small roundish oval formations that can take on a whitish or yellowish milky colour.
The small aphthae usually take on a diameter of 5-10mm and often disappear again after 1 – 2 weeks. As a second group the large aphthae are to be mentioned. These are exactly the same as the small aphthae, but they are surrounded by a larger and deeper inflammation.
Their diameter can be much more than 10mm. Patients often experience a general feeling of illness or even fever. The large aphtae often stay longer than the small aphtae.
The healing process can take up to 4 weeks. In a third group the aphthae can also occur together with herpes. There are usually many small aphthae distributed. This group of aphthae generally disappears after 4 weeks at the latest.
How can you get rid of aphthae permanently?
The exact causes for the development of aphthae are unknown. Since, as in many diseases, heredity plays a major role, the development of aphthae cannot be completely prevented. It has been found that, for example, a weakened immune system, a large amount of stress, allergic reactions or a lack of various vitamins can favour the development of aphthae.
You cannot get rid of aphthae permanently. However, the above mentioned risk factors, which promote the development of aphthae, can be minimized. A lot of fruit and vegetables, sports and a healthy lifestyle can strengthen the immune system and reduce stress.
Above all, a lack of vitamin B12 is very common. This not only promotes the formation of aphthae, but also impairs the formation of blood cells. If animal products are not included in the daily diet, vitamin B12 must be taken in addition. The age is not decisive for the formation of aphthae. Statistically, adults rather than children or older people are more likely to suffer from the small painful inflammations