The prognosis for reflux-induced inflammation of the esophagus depends mainly on how long the symptoms have existed and how severe they are. The vast majority of cases have a very good prognosis and can be treated well with general measures mentioned above and a PPI. The inflammation of the oesophagus then heals by itself in a few days or weeks.
It is important to make sure that the disease does not recur. However, an inflammation of the oesophagus caused by gastric juice can in some cases lead to malignant changes in the mucous membrane, which is why it is essential to see a doctor if you have any complaints. Due to the persistent irritation, a tumour can develop at the bottom of the inflammation, the treatment of which is far more complicated. However, the simple inflammation of the oesophagus is not a cause for concern if treated adequately. Immunocompromised patients with fungal or viral oesophagitis, however, usually have difficult courses and require treatment by experts.
Possible consequences of a narrowing of the oesophagus
A possible consequence of an inflammation of the esophagus is a narrowing of the esophagus, usually in the lower section. This is characterised by, among other things, a more difficult transport of food to the stomach, as well as heartburn.
In order to prevent inflammation of the oesophagus, lifestyle changes are particularly useful. Avoiding excessively high-fat meals, alcohol and nicotine are the first priority. In addition, a conscious diet with appropriate portions makes sense.
Losing weight has equally positive effects in the long run. Furthermore, the avoidance of stress is of no small importance. Inflammation of the oesophagus caused by pathogens is difficult to prevent, as the weakened immune system is the reason for the outbreak of the disease. Here, care must be taken to meet high hygienic standards in order to prevent infection with e.g. a fungus and to treat the underlying disease.