How do you know that you can work again?
Here too, the subjective perception of health is most important. Anyone who feels fit and has none of the above symptoms such as fever or aching limbs can go back to work. The general symptoms do not have to have disappeared completely.
If, for example, there is still a clear cold, you can still go to work. Bronchitis can also cause a dry, irritable cough weeks after the illness itself without any particular disease value. In the case of heavy physical work, the symptoms should have disappeared completely or be clarified by a doctor before resuming work.
If you have obtained a sick note from your doctor, you can also follow the doctor’s advice – in the case of a sick note, the doctor can often already estimate how long the illness will last. If you are unsure, you can ask the doctor for his or her assessment of your ability to work by visiting the doctor again. It should be noted that the risk of infection is highest before the cold symptoms appear. Therefore, although the excretion of viruses is low once the symptoms have largely subsided, hygiene measures should be observed for a few more days to be on the safe side – for example, avoiding shaking hands or sneezing in the crook of your arm instead of the palms of your hands.
This can be done to be able to work faster again
In order for the ability to work to return, the cold itself must be cured. This usually requires sufficient rest and sleep, especially if the cold is so severe that a sick leave is necessary. On the other hand, smaller activities, such as a walk in the fresh air, can also be beneficial for recovery.
Otherwise, the usual rules for treating a cold apply: in addition to rest and sufficient sleep, healthy eating and sufficient fluid intake should be ensured. Warm drinks such as tea can also have an expectorant effect due to their temperature. If the nose is blocked, nasal spray or nasal drops can be used for up to a week; if the cough is stuck, cough relievers can be taken.
Furthermore, there are almost countless household remedies for treating a cold, such as cold baths or liniments. It is not advisable to resort to cold remedies that increase performance and suppress the symptoms of the cold in order to go back to work with it. There is a risk that the cold will get worse and an even longer period of sick leave will have to be accepted.
Duration of sick leave
A sick note by the family doctor is usually due on the third working day (note: not on the third working day). This means that a sick note from Friday onwards must also be available on Monday if the weekend is free. The duration of the sick leave depends on how badly the cold has hit.
The doctor can usually estimate the number of days needed to cure the cold relatively well, and usually between one and three days of sick leave are granted. If you are ill for a longer period of time, you usually have to see your doctor again after about three days to extend your sick leave. If you have a particularly severe cold, you can also be granted a sick leave of one week. Sick leave for more than 14 days is normally not possible.