Localization of pain
Pain in the temple area is usually caused by headaches or migraines. In rare cases, an inflammation of the head vessels running through this area (giant cell arteritis) can also cause complaints at the temples. The pain is then usually throbbing and is intensified by chewing.
The cause of this disease is the acute inflammation of the vessel (also: vasculitis), usually in the context of an autoimmune disease. Those affected often show strong general symptoms such as fever, fatigue and a pronounced feeling of illness. Complaints in the area of the nose usually occur in the context of sinusitis.
In such cases, affected persons often show a feeling of pressure and tension, and the area is usually swollen and painful when touched or knocked. Pain in the eyebrows can have a variety of causes and is usually caused by pain radiating from another part of the face or head. A detailed description of the possible clinical pictures that can trigger such a symptomatology was already given at the beginning of this article.
Pain between the eyebrows can be caused by inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. The paranasal sinuses can project pain into different areas of the face due to their location in the event of inflammation. In case of localized pain between the eyebrows, it can be concluded that the ethmoid cells (sinus ethomoidalis) are affected by the inflammation.
The pain occurs especially when the face is tilted downwards. Besides inflammation, any kind of trauma in the area between the eyebrows can also cause pain. Pain under the eyebrow, as well as pain between the eyebrows, can be caused by an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses.
Furthermore, some diseases from the field of ophthalmology can cause pain in this region. It is conceivable, for example, that conjunctivitis, which is typically accompanied by reddening of the eye, light shyness and a foreign body sensation in the eye, may also trigger pain in the eye area. These can extend from the radius to the eyebrow.
This is usually more of a pressure pain in the case of inflammatory processes and a more throbbing pain in the case of headaches, especially in the context of migraines. The radiating of pain from the eyebrow to the jaw indicates that the inflammation has spread along the facial nerves. Metaphorically speaking, the facial nerve emerges from the skull in front of the ear and then releases its branches for the mimic muscles in a fan-shaped manner.
If the pain occurs both in the eyebrow and in the jaw, this indicates an inflammation that spreads along the nerve structure. If the inflammation begins before the nerve leaves the skull, pain can even occur throughout the face. Typical for this facial pain is that it is muscle pain of the mimic muscles.
Therefore, painful conditions occur especially when wrinkling the eyebrows or moving the jaw. Complaints in the area of the eye socket are usually an expression of ophthalmological diseases, such as conjunctivitis or glaucoma. In most cases, this also affects the mobility of the eyes and possibly even the ability to see. A fracture of the orbital floor can also cause pain in the orbit. Last but not least, cluster headaches should also be mentioned, in which sufferers suffer attack-like attacks of pain, which are usually localised unilaterally in or around the eye socket.