There is no prevention against the clinical picture of autism. However, the sooner the disorder is recognised, the earlier the child can be given appropriate individual care. Help is available from social institutions.
Autism is an incurable disease, but it does not progress during the course of life. In fact, it is said that the symptoms decrease slightly over the years. However, a normalisation of mental performance has not been observed to date.
The severity of the disease is also expressed in different ways. Adults who suffer from Asperger’s syndrome can later cope with their lives quite independently. As a rule, however, they live socially very isolated. Other autistic people have worse chances: They can hardly live independently and find their way around. They often need lifelong support.
Especially in children, two different types of autism are distinguished on the basis of childhood: However, they also differ in the severity of the symptoms. As a cause, a hereditary component is assumed, which is more important in Asperger’s autism. The children are closed and introverted.
They are not able to perceive or show feelings in others. For example, they do not know what a sad face looks like. They are also not aware of dangers in all their consequences.
However, it is remarkable that they usually show special abilities in the area of talent. The diagnosis, which results from observing the child, can be made much easier with the help of the parents. After all, they are the ones who have the child constantly around them.
The parents must also be involved in the therapy. Since there is no specific medication for autism to date, this incurable disease is treated with behavioural therapy. For the most part, this is done according to the principle of reward.
Unfortunately, it is not possible to prevent this disease, as the causes have not yet been clarified in detail. However, the earlier autism is recognised, the earlier an adequate therapy can be started. The prognosis depends on the extent of the disease.
In general, however, it can be said that Asperger’s autistic patients find their way around relatively independently as adults. – the early childhood and the
- Childhood autism.