Attention Deficit Syndrome, Psychoorganic Syndrome (POS), ADD, Attention – Deficit – Disorder, minimal brain syndrome, Behavioral Disorder with Attention and Concentration Disorder, Attention Deficit Disorder, ADD, Attention Deficit Disorder, Dreamers, “Hans-guck-in-the-Air”, Dreamers. Attention Deficit Syndrome, Fidgety Philip Syndrome Fidgety Philip, Psychoorganic Syndrome (POS), Hyperkinetic Syndrome (HKS), ADHD Fidgety Phil, ADHD. Children who suffer from one of the three forms of attention deficit syndrome – attention deficit syndrome without hyperactivity (ADHD), but with severely limited ability to concentrate and hypoactivity, attention deficit syndrome with hyperactivity (ADHD), or the mixed type of both variants, all have variable, sometimes below average ability to concentrate and pay attention.
In addition, the lack of attention often leads to further learning problems. One example of this is reading, spelling and / or arithmetic weakness. These problems can also occur when the child is highly gifted.
After the diagnosis, the primary symptomatology has not changed. This means that one cannot in any way rest on the diagnosis, rather the opposite is the case. It is necessary to adapt to the problems by means of multi-layered therapy (= multimodal therapy) in order to work out the best possible way of dealing with the clinical picture.
For this reason, an individual therapy plan should be drawn up as seamlessly as possible after the diagnosis, which specifically adapts the various forms of therapy to the individual symptoms. In principle, a distinction is made between: whereby alternative therapy concepts, such as various dietary forms, nutritional therapy measures, or even neurofeedback (EEG – Biofeedback) can also be used. To these essential cornerstones belongs additionally the promotion of the ADS – child in the domestic area.
This is of utmost importance, because every therapy reaches its limits when parts of the upbringing “do not follow”. Education is generally to be considered holistically and the closer all those involved in education work together, the better it succeeds. We all know the problem when one parent forbids something while the other parent allows it…
Which therapy modules are used in each individual case is different from child to child and therefore varies from child to child and requires a precise analysis of the symptoms. It is not always necessary to use all therapy areas. Please contact your treating physician, who will be able to give you more detailed information regarding the individual fit.
The list does not claim to be complete. – of the drug therapy
- The psychotherapeutic forms of treatment
- The forms of curative education therapy
Psychotherapeutic forms of treatment aim at the treatment of the soul and comprise various measures and methods that attempt to treat psychological and emotional behavioral disorders with the help of classical psychological forms of therapy. These approaches are intended to reduce both the suffering of the ADD patient and the suffering of the environment.
With regard to ADHD, these are, for example: which are described below. – depth psychological,
- Behavioural therapy, or
- Systemic forms of treatment,
Depth psychology is a further development of the ideas of Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, Carl Gustav Jung (C.G. Jung), the founder of analytical psychology and Alfred Adler, the founder of individual psychology.
From further development, treatment forms and techniques emerged which are usually used when conflicts (disorders) occur in (childhood) development and negatively affect the relationship between people and each other. In relation to ADHD, this means that the child’s behaviour must be examined and questioned in order to explain and understand behaviour. Grounded behavioural patterns are often not noticed because they have developed and consolidated over a longer period of time.
In daily contact with each other, these behaviours are not foreign, but rather belong to this person. How, when and by what means they came about can hardly be determined anymore. This is the starting point of depth psychological treatment, the aim of which is to recognise typical behaviour patterns that have a negative impact and to change them or replace them with alternative behaviour patterns.
Further information on the topic of depth psychology can be found here: Depth Psychology. In contrast to depth psychology, behavioral therapy as a further possible form of therapy does not start from the unresolved conflicts inside a person, but rather from behaviors that are shown to the outside. This means: starting from the symptoms (accompanying symptoms) a behaviour is analysed and with the help of different treatment methods an attempt is made to change it.
Behavioural therapy has been subject to constant further development and change, so that in the meantime fundamental directions can be distinguished from each other. These are:
- The classical behavior therapy
- The cognitive therapy and
- The cognitive behavioural therapy
As one can already guess from the conceptualization, cognitive behavioural therapy represents the link between classical behavioural therapy and cognitive therapy. Thus, perception as well as thinking and the resulting behavioral patterns play an important role in the field of cognitive behavior therapy.
It connects in a special way the motor, the cognitive and the physical – emotional area. For this purpose, she uses various techniques (methods): For further information on the topic of cognitive behavior therapy, please click here: cognitive behavior therapy
- The operant conditioning
- The problem solving training
- Of self-management training
- Of social competence – training, and
- Various relaxation methods, such as yoga, autogenic training or progressive muscle relaxation according to Jacobson (PMR)
Systemic forms of therapy emerged in the 50’s of the last century and serve in principle to clarify and resolve interpersonal relationships. This means that systemic forms of therapy take up problem areas in families, at work, between friends, etc.
and try to solve them. In the field of ADHD therapy, systemic forms of therapy usually take place as family therapy. The reason for this is that the symptoms of ADHD can put a particular strain on the family as a whole, which in turn leads to conflicts that stand in the way of a successful therapy in a particular way.
This means that systemic family therapy does not primarily regard the symptoms of ADHD as a disease of the child, but also assigns an important role to the child’s situation within the family with regard to the symptomatic development of ADHD. The aim is to pick up firmly established and entrenched behavioural patterns of all family members and, if necessary, to reshape them so that an improvement in interpersonal relationships can be achieved. To achieve this, it is important that family members put themselves in the position of others in order to question the situations, ways of thinking and behaviour patterns of others.
This is usually done by depicting a typical family situation, for example by using dolls. From this situation one tries to draw conclusions about the roles within the family, as well as about feelings, attitudes and ways of thinking. The above-mentioned therapy options complement each other in many ways.
Which forms can be combined with each other in individual cases can be decided by the attending doctor or therapist together with you. It is important that the individual symptoms are taken as a starting point and that a decision is made. – General information regarding the handling of the ADS – child, including information for parents regarding the therapy of ADS. – The drug therapy of the ADS
- The nutrition therapy ADS with its different possibilities.