The treatment can be done with folic acid preparations. These can be purchased in a pharmacy and are best taken after consulting a doctor. Especially if you are planning to have children, it may be advisable to take them before the beginning of pregnancy in order to supply the body with a sufficient amount of folic acid.
This is needed to support the child’s development, especially of the spinal cord and brain. The intake of folic acid can also be increased by certain foods, but whether this is sufficient should be discussed with the treating doctor in the event of an existing deficiency. Foods rich in folic acid include green vegetables such as spinach, avocado and asparagus. Tomatoes, soybeans and peas, wholemeal products, wheat bran and egg yolk are also among the folic acid suppliers.
The duration of folic acid anaemia depends mainly on the treatment. Therapy, e.g. with a folic acid preparation, usually improves the values again after some time. This can be checked by blood tests.
The prognosis for folic acid anaemia is usually relatively good. Most people can benefit from taking a folic acid preparation and are no longer affected by a deficiency after a few weeks or months. Of course, other existing serious or chronic illnesses can lead to deviations in terms of the prognosis and the duration of treatment.
The course of the disease
If there is a deficiency of folic acid, it is mainly the red blood cells that suffer. Anemia develops, which can be accompanied by various complaints. If the form of anaemia is very pronounced, this can also lead to shortness of breath or heart rhythm disorders.
The symptoms and also the anaemia can be counteracted by a therapy. Most people can stabilise their levels again by taking folic acid. After only a few weeks or months, many affected people are free of symptoms and their folic acid levels are back to normal.