Melitracene and Flupentixol

Products The fixed combination Deanxit with the two active ingredients melitracene and flupentixol is commercially available in many countries in the form of film-coated tablets. The drug has been approved since 1973, initially as dragées. The marketing authorization holder is the Danish company Lundbeck. Structure and properties The active ingredients are present in the drug … Read more


Products Sedatives are commercially available in the form of tablets, melting tablets, drops, as injectables and tinctures, among others. Structure and properties Sedatives do not have a uniform chemical structure. Effects The active ingredients have sedative properties. Some are additionally antianxiety, sleep-inducing, antipsychotic, antidepressant, and anticonvulsant. The effects are due to promotion of inhibitory mechanisms … Read more


Products Anxiolytics are commercially available in the form of tablets, capsules, and injectable preparations, among others. Structure and properties Anxiolytics are a structurally heterogeneous group. However, the representatives can be divided into different classes. These include, for example, the benzodiazepines or the tricyclic antidepressants. Effects Anxiolytics have antianxiety (anxiolytic) properties. They usually have additional effects, … Read more

Sleeping Pills: Effects, Side Effects, Dosage and Uses

Products Sleeping pills are most commonly taken in the form of tablets (“sleeping pills“). In addition, melting tablets, injectables, drops, teas and tinctures are also available, among others. The technical term hypnotics is derived from Hypnos, the Greek god of sleep. Structure and properties Within the sleeping pills, groups can be identified which have a … Read more


Products Most antidepressants are commercially available in the form of film-coated tablets. In addition, oral solutions (drops), meltable tablets, dispersible tablets, and injectables are also available, among others. The first representatives were developed in the 1950s. It was discovered that the antituberculosis drugs isoniazid and iproniazid (Marsilid, Roche) had antidepressant properties. Both agents are MAO … Read more


Products Stimulants are commercially available as drugs, narcotics, dietary supplements, and foods. Dosage forms include tablets, capsules, and solutions. Structure and properties Stimulants do not have a uniform chemical structure, but groups can be identified. Many, for example the amphetamines, are derived from the natural catecholamines such as epinephrine and norepinephrine. Effects The active ingredients … Read more

Neuroleptics Effects and Side Effects

Active ingredients Benzamides: Amisulpride (Solian, generic). Sulpiride (Dogmatil) Tiapride (Tiapridal) Benzisoxazoles: Risperidone (Risperdal, generic). Paliperidone (Invega) Benzoisothiazoles: Lurasidone (Latuda) Ziprasidone (Zeldox, Geodon) Butyrophenones: Droperidol (Droperidol Sintetica). Haloperidol (Haldol) Lumateperone (Caplyta) Pipamperone (Dipiperone) Thienobenzodiazepines: Olanzapine (Zyprexa, generic). Dibenzodiazepines: Clozapine (Leponex, generic). Dibenzoxazepines: Loxapine (Adasuve). Dibenzothiazepines: Clotiapine (Entumin) Quetiapine (Seroquel, generic). Dibenzooxepin pyrroles: Asenapine (Sycrest). Diphenylbutylpiperidines: Penfluridol … Read more

Side effects of Lyrica

All antiepileptic drugs have corresponding central side effects due to their central nervous system effect. These include: Furthermore, Lyrica® has a sedative effect, which in some cases is a desired side effect of the therapy. Because of these central side effects, Lyrica® is used gradually with a slow dose adjustment. If side effects of this … Read more

Muscle aches | Side effects of Lyrica

Muscle aches Occasionally, muscle twitching, muscle cramps, muscle stiffness and muscle pain occur during treatment with Lyrica®. When muscle pain occurs, it often shows up in the legs, arms and back. Since Lyrica® intervenes directly and indirectly in various metabolic processes, these complaints can occur. Consultation with a doctor is advisable. Side effects in the … Read more

Side effects after discontinuation | Side effects of Lyrica

Side effects after discontinuation An abrupt cessation can lead to dizziness, depression, diarrhea, insomnia, headaches, nervousness, flu-like symptoms, pain and sweating. Therefore, a slow, gradual discontinuation of Lyrica® is highly recommended. This should be done in consultation with the doctor. Special features of taking Lyrica® There are other special features that should be taken into … Read more

Risperdal Consta

Risperdal® Consta® is a preparation from the group of atypical neuroleptics with the active ingredient risperidone. It is available in powder and solution form and is used to prepare a soluble suspension for intramuscular injection. Thanks to a special preparation of the active ingredient, Risperdal® Consta® is a long-term neuroleptic with a duration of action … Read more

Contraindications | Risperdal Consta

Contraindications Risperdal® Consta® must not be given in cases of hyperprolactinaemia, i.e. when there are elevated levels of the hormone prolactin in the blood. This excess of prolactin can be caused by a tumor of the pituitary gland (so-called prolactinoma). Particular caution is advised when taking Risperdal® Consta® in patients with Parkinson’s disease and severe … Read more