Function of the prostate

Synonyms Prostate function Introduction The main purpose of our prostate is the production (synthesis) of a thin, milk-like and slightly acidic (pH 6.4 – 6.8) liquid, the prostate secretion. In adult men, it makes up about 60-70 percent by volume of the total ejaculate (ejaculation)! significant amounts of it are only produced from sexual maturity … Read more

Parathyroid gland

Synonyms in a broader sense Medical: Glandula parathyroidea Beischilddrüsen Epithelial corpuscles Anatomy The parathyroid glands represent four lenticular-sized glands weighing about 40 mg. They are located behind the thyroid gland. Usually two of them are located at the upper end (pole) of the thyroid lobe, while the other two are located at the lower pole. … Read more

Diseases of the parathyroid gland | Parathyroid gland

Diseases of the parathyroid gland The parathyroid gland is essential for survival; a complete absence (agenesia) is not compatible with life. Accidental removal or damage of epithelial corpuscles during thyroid surgery or hypoparathyroidism can have serious consequences: The lowering of blood calcium levels leads to hypocalcaemia, which is manifested by seizures and general overexcitability of … Read more

Mitral valve

Anatomy of the mitral valve The mitral valve or bicuspid valve is one of the four valves of the heart and is located between the left ventricle and the left atrium. The name mitral valve derives from its appearance. It resembles a bishop’s mitre and was therefore named after it. It belongs to the sail … Read more

Phospholipase

What is phospholipase? Phospholipase is an enzyme that splits fatty acids from phospholipids. The more precise classification is made into four main groups. Besides phospholipids, other lipophilic (fat-loving) substances can be split by the enzyme. The enzyme belongs to the group of hydrolases. This means that one molecule of water is consumed during the process … Read more