Anti-Aging Measures: Acid Base Balance

All important metabolic processes – enzymatic reactions, transport mechanisms, membrane potential changes, etc. – in our body are dependent on an optimal pH value, which lies between 7.38 and 7.42. To ensure that the pH is permanently in this range, our body has a special regulatory mechanism, the acid-base balance. The goal is homeostasis – … Read more

Sleep Disorders: Sleep Hygiene Tips for Good Sleep

Sleep Duration Recommended sleep duration for all ages: Ages Ideal sleep duration Newborn (0-3 months) 14-17 Infants (4-11 months) 12-15 Infants (1-2 years 11-14 Kindergarten children (3-5 years) 10-13 School children (6-13 years) 9-11 Teenagers (14-17 years) 8-10 Young adults (18-25 years 7-9 Adults (26-64 years) 7-9 Seniors (≥ 65 years) 7-8 Behaviors that promote … Read more

Stress Management

The term stress refers, on the one hand, to mental and physical (somatic; bodily) reactions caused by stressors (specific external stimuli; strains) that enable the body to cope with particular demands, and, on the other hand, to the physical and mental strain that results. Stress can therefore be described as any sensible reaction of the … Read more


Adrenopause (synonyms: DHEA(S) insufficiency, partial; DHEA deficiency; ICD-10-GM E88.9: metabolic disorder, unspecified) primarily describes an exponentially increasing decline in adrenal (originating from the adrenal cortex) DHEA(S) production in adults, which is clinically expressed in the middle years of life in at least partial DHEA(S) insufficiency. Endocrinologically, adrenopause is manifested by decreased serum levels of dehydroepiandrosterone … Read more

Adrenopause: Medical History

Medical history (history of illness) represents an important component in the diagnosis of adrenopause. Family history Are there any diseases in your family that are common? What is the general health of your family members? Social anamnesis Current medical history/systemic medical history (somatic and psychological complaints). Do you feel weak, low in drive? Tired? Do … Read more

Adrenopause: Or something else? Differential Diagnosis

The following differential diagnoses are equally possible causes of adrenopause: Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases (E00-E90). Obesity Gonadopause (drop in testosterone) Insulin resistance – decreased effectiveness of the body’s own insulin at the target organs skeletal muscle, adipose tissue and liver. Somatopause (decrease in growth hormone and IGF-1). Addison’s disease (Primary adrenocortical insufficiency) due to … Read more

Adrenopause: Complications

The following are the most important diseases or complications that may be contributed to by adrenopause:Psyche – Nervous System (F00-F99; G00-G99). Chronic fatigue syndrome Insomnia (sleep disorders) Cognitive deficits – memory impairment, concentration and attention deficits. Reduced performance, fatigue, lack of drive. Erectile dysfunction (ED). Libido disorders Further Immune senescence Sweating, heat exhaustion Altered body … Read more

Menopause: Prevention

To prevent climacterium praecox (premature menopause), attention must be paid to reducing individual risk factors. Behavioral risk factors Diet Vegetarian diet Pleasure food consumption Tobacco (smoking) – early menopause (before age 45; approximately 5-10% of women) is dose-dependent in smokers with respect to nicotine abuse Prevention factors (protective factors) Biographical risk factors Pregnancies: Women with … Read more

Menopause: Symptoms, Complaints, Signs

Climacteric complaints (menopausal symptoms) are experienced to varying degrees by patients. At the forefront of the complaints are disturbances in well-being, changes in the menstrual cycle, changes in organs and, in particular, cardiovascular complaints – for example, paroxysmal tachycardia (episodes of palpitations), palpitations (heart palpitations) – as well as a decrease in bone density. The … Read more

Menopause: Causes

Pathogenesis (development of disease) Synthesis (production) of sex hormones progressively decreases with the onset of climacteric. First, the ovarian (ovary-associated) synthesis of progesterone decreases, followed by that of estrogens (17-β-estradiol) and finally androgens. After menopause, estrogens are no longer produced by the ovaries, but exclusively by adipose tissue. Therefore, estrogen formation in overweight women in … Read more