Therapy of the aortic aneurysm

Overview – Conservative A conservative therapy of aortic aneurysm includes waiting with regular ultrasound scans. The therapy is indicated mainly for small aneurysms and those of type III. The aortic aneurysm must not increase in size by more than 0.4 cm per year. Furthermore, the accompanying or causative diseases must be treated. It is essential … Read more

Which medications are used? | Therapy of the aortic aneurysm

Which medications are used? The most important drug therapy of aortic aneurysm is the regulation of blood pressure. Since high blood pressure (hypertension) promotes rupture of the aneurysm, blood pressure must be strictly adjusted to values below 120-140 mmHg systolic to 90mmHg diastolic. Regular blood pressure medication, so-called antihypertensives, are used for this purpose. They … Read more

Detect cardiac arrhythmia

General information Whether and how heart rhythm disturbances are perceived varies greatly from individual to individual. Some people perceive cardiac dysrhythmia as something very frightening and dangerous. Especially occasional cardiac arrhythmias or even mild cardiac arrhythmias often go unnoticed. In these cases treatment is usually not necessary. Complaints expressed by the affected person can help … Read more

Endocarditis

heart valve inflammation, inflammation of the inner wall of the heart Introduction Inflammation of the heart valves (endocarditis) is a potentially life-threatening disease, usually caused by microbial pathogens such as viruses, bacteria or fungi. It is not uncommon for structural damage to the heart valves to be the result, accompanied by a functional defect. Symptoms … Read more

Therapy | Endocarditis

Therapy The treatment is carried out with antibiotics, as it is often triggered by bacterial pathogens. It is important to start the therapy early to avoid complications of the infection. Different antibiotics are used depending on whether the affected heart valve is the patient’s own original heart valve or a prosthetic valve. In the case … Read more

Prognosis | Endocarditis

Prognosis However, about thirty percent of those affected respond poorly to the medication (antibiotics), resulting in extensive damage to the heart valves. In such cases, an operation with replacement by artificial valves as a life-saving measure is often unavoidable. Complications Dreaded complications of heart valve inflammation (endocarditis) are metastases of bacterial deposits on the heart … Read more

Duration of endocarditis | Endocarditis

Duration of endocarditis Endocarditis should be treated early to avoid complications and consequential damage. If antibiotic therapy is started in time, the disease will subside over the duration of the therapy of about four to six weeks. It is important to monitor the success of the therapy regularly, as this is the only way to … Read more

Is endocarditis contagious? | Endocarditis

Is endocarditis contagious? Endocarditis is usually not contagious. It is only triggered by small amounts of bacteria, which are abundant in the oral cavity or body and can only enter the bloodstream through minor injuries. The infectious focus is then only on the heart, where small abscesses, encapsulations of the bacteria can form. Disease development … Read more

What is the diagnostic procedure for endocarditis? | Endocarditis

What is the diagnostic procedure for endocarditis? The diagnosis differs according to whether infectious bacterial endocarditis or non-pathogenic endocarditis is suspected. Infective endocarditis is diagnosed on the basis of several criteria. The two most important criteria are so-called “positive blood cultures” and abnormalities in the ultrasound or CT examination. In order to obtain the former, … Read more