M. teres major

Synonyms Latin: Musculus teres major Definition The big round muscle belongs to the group of the rear shoulder muscles. In humans, it typically extends over the back of the shoulder blade. In addition, the large round muscle, together with the small round muscle (M. teres minor), the three-headed upper arm muscle (M. triceps brachii) and … Read more

Upper bone muscle

Synonyms Latin: M. supraspinatusThe upper bone muscle has a triangular shape, up to 2 cm thick. The supraspinatus muscle has its origin in the upper bony fossa of the shoulder blade. Back musculature overview To the musculature overview Approach/origin/innervation Base: Facet of the upper, large humerus (Tuberculum majus humeri) Origin: Superficial fossa of the scapula … Read more

Shoulder blade lifter

Synonyms Latin: Musculus levator scapulae History Base: Upper angle of the shoulder blade (Angulus superior scapulae) Origin: Posterior tubercles of the transverse processes of the 1st – 4th cervical vertebra (Tubercula posterica of the Processus costa transversarii) Innervation: N. dorsalis scapulae, Plexus cervicalis, C 3 – 5 Function The levator scapulae lifts the shoulder blade … Read more

Small round muscle

Synonyms Latin: M. teres minorLatin: Musculus teres minor Back musculature overview To the musculature overview The small round muscle (Musculus teres minor) is an elongated, quadrangular muscle and runs across the back of the shoulder joint capsule. Here you will find more detailed information about the back: Back pain Back school Spine Definition The small … Read more

Wide back muscle

Synonyms Latin: Musculus latissimus dorsi German: broad back muscle History Base: Small hump ridge of the humerus (Crista tuberculi minoris humeri) Origin: Innervation: N. thoracodorsalis, C 6 – 8 Vertebral part (pars vertebralis): spinous processes of the 7-12 thoracic vertebrae, as well as loins and sacral vertebrae Rib part (pars costalis): 10 – 12 rib … Read more

Large round muscle

Synonyms Latin: M. teres major Back musculature overview To the musculature overview The large round muscle is especially visible during apparatus gymnastics as a protruding “bulge” directly under the skin. It lies above the tip of the shoulder blade and takes the form of a three-sided prism. Here you will find information about back painApproach: … Read more

Diamond muscle

Synonyms Latin: Musculi rhomboidei minores et majores Small lozenge muscle: spinous processes of the 1st – 7th cervical vertebrae Large diamond-shaped muscle: spinous processes of the 1st – 4th thoracic vertebrae Function Both the large diamond muscle and the small diamond muscle lift the shoulder blade upwards and centrally when tensed. They thus support the … Read more

Trapezius muscle

Synonyms Latin: Musculus trapezius History Approach: Origin: Innervation: N. accessorius, Plexus cervicalis (C 2 – 4) Outer third of the clavicle (externalis acromialis) Shoulder height (Acromion) Shoulder blade bone (spina scapulae) External occipital protuberance (Protuberantia occipitalis externa) Spinous processes of all cervical and thoracic vertebrae Function The trapezius muscle (Musculus trapezius) has different functions due … Read more

Sub-bone muscle

Synonyms Latin: M. infraspinatus Back musculature overview To the musculature overview The underbone muscle (Musculus infraspinatus) is a three-sided, elongated muscle. Like the trapezius muscle, it has three different parts. Approach/origin/innervation Approach: Middle facet of the large humerus (Tuberculum mjus humeri) Origin: Fossa infraspinata scapulae (shoulder blade fossa) Innervation: N. suprascapularis, C2The underbone muscle is … Read more