Parathyroid Glands: Hypofunction

Primary hypoparathyroidism is very rare. It occurs, for example, in H.-A.-M. syndrome (= hyperparathyroid-addison-moniliasis syndrome). This hereditary autoimmune disease is caused by a mutation on chromosome 21. Somewhat more common is parathyroid hypoparathyroidism. It is caused, for example, by surgery on the thyroid gland in which the parathyroid glands are accidentally removed or their blood supply is destroyed.


Hypothyroidism leads to a deficiency of parathyroid hormone and thus to calcium deficiency (hypocalcemia). Symptoms of this include convulsions and cardiac arrhythmias; prolonged calcium deficiency can also cause changes in the patient’s character or psychosis. Vitamin D and calcium are administered as therapy.

How can I protect and support my parathyroid glands?

There are no specific protective measures for the parathyroid glands. A balanced diet and adequate exercise are good for the whole body, not to mention strengthening the bones that carry us throughout our lives.