Tennis as a 2-field rebound sport with a single contact game. The ball may bounce a maximum of once in tennis and can therefore be played directly as a volley or indirectly over the net. The opponent’s field as target area is relatively large compared to other types of rebound sports. In tennis, a winner is always determined, the playing time is variable. With the exception of serve, every stroke in tennis is a reaction to the opponent’s action.


The origins of today’s tennis game originated in the 13th century in monastery courtyards and royal houses. At first the ball was played from the hand and only at the end of the 15th century the tennis racket came into play. The court was rectangular and separated on each side by four 15 inch wide lines.

Along the court was a wall against which the ball had to be played. The game was named “Jeu de Paume” (game with the palm of the hand). The tennis with today’s counting method, the set of rules known to us and a new court was created in 1877 in Wimbledon (London).

In 1933, professional tennis was introduced for the first time, allowing only professional players access to tournaments. This changed, however, when open tournaments were introduced in 1968. The name tennis was derived from the French word “tenir” (to hold).

Although clubs have seen a decline in membership in recent years, tennis is one of the most widespread sports in Germany. The special level of conditional and coordinative skills makes tennis attractive for beginners as well as for advanced players. In hardly any other sport is the connection between strength and technique as demanding as in tennis.

Every player should have a solid base of endurance in order to be able to hold his own even after several rounds and not to suffer any loss of coordination. Next to strength and endurance, speed, especially the ability to sprint over short distances, is probably the most important conditional skill in tennis. A targeted muscle build-up of the abdominal and back muscles is therefore especially recommended for beginners and advanced players.

In case of complaints of the musculoskeletal system, an examination by a doctor is advisable. Further conditions for tennis are the materials that are essential for playing tennis. Therefore the equipment and court rental is a financial requirement. The times of high admission fees by tennis clubs are over, however, and thus tennis has become a sport for everyone.