Tetanus: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Tetanus – colloquially called tetanus (ICD-10 A33: Tetanus neonatorum; A34: Tetanus during pregnancy, childbirth, and the puerperium; A35: Other tetanus) is a serious infectious disease (wound infection). The cause is the tetanus toxin (poison) produced by the gram-positive, spore-forming bacterium Clostridium tetani, known as tetanospasmin. Tetanus manifests itself with muscle cramps and markedly increased muscle … Read more

Tetanus: Medical History

Medical history (history of illness) is an important component in the diagnosis of tetanus (lockjaw). Family history Social history Current anamnesis/systemic anamnesis (somatic and psychological complaints). What symptoms have you noticed? Painful, persistent muscle spasms, usually beginning at the temporomandibular joint (lockjaw)* . Twitching muscle spasms* Muscle stiffness – confined to one area or spreading … Read more

Tetanus: Or something else? Differential Diagnosis

Infectious and parasitic diseases (A00-B99). Rabies (Rabies, Lyssa). Psyche – Nervous System (F00-F99; G00-G99). Encephalitides (inflammation of the brain), unspecified. Meningitides (meningitis), unspecified Symptoms and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings not elsewhere classified (R00-R99) Acute abdomen – severe abdominal pain with unclear cause. Tetany – disturbance of motor function and sensitivity due to hyperexcitability of … Read more

Tetanus: Complications

The following are the major diseases or complications that may be contributed to by tetanus (lockjaw): Respiratory system (J00-J99) Pneumonia (pneumonia) Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases (E00-E90). Elevated catecholamine levels with blood. Skin and subcutaneous (L00-L99) Decubitus (bedsore) Cardiovascular system (I00-I99) Arrhythmias (cardiac arrhythmias). Blood pressure fluctuations Thrombophlebitis – inflammation of the superficial veins. Thrombosis … Read more

Tetanus: Intensive Care Therapy

The following intensive medical measures are usually required. Ventilation Parenteral nutrition carried out bypassing the gastrointestinal tract. Heparingabe drug for thinning the blood Constant monitoring of laboratory parameters and body functions.

StroVac Vaccination

StroVac vaccination (formerly Karenovac) is a measure for prophylaxis (prevention) and treatment of recurrent (recurring) bacterial urinary tract infections. The vaccine is produced by the pharmaceutical company Strathmann GmbH & Co. KG and is available only on prescription. The StroVac vaccine contains killed bacterial species that are most commonly responsible for urinary tract infections. One … Read more

Japanese Encephalitis: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Japanese encephalitis (JE) (thesaurus synonyms: encephalitis japonica B; Japan B encephalitis; Japanese encephalitis; Russian autumn encephalitis; ICD-10-GM A83.0: Japanese encephalitis) is an infectious (tropical) disease caused by Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). JEV is an arbovirus (arthropod-borne virus) that, like the causative agent of dengue fever and yellow fever, belongs to the Flaviviridae. So far, 5 … Read more

Japanese Encephalitis: Medical History

Medical history (history of illness) represents an important component in the diagnosis of Japanese encephalitis. Family history What is the general health of your relatives? Social history What is your profession? Have you traveled recently? If so, where were you? How long were you there? Current medical history/systemic history (somatic and psychological complaints). Are you … Read more

Rubella Vaccination

Rubella vaccination (Rubella) is a standard vaccination (regular vaccination) for girls/women. It is given using a live vaccine and is usually given as a combination with measles–mumps–rubella vaccination (MMR vaccination). The following are the recommendations of the Standing Commission on Vaccination (STIKO) at the Robert Koch Institute: Indications (areas of application) I: Unvaccinated women or … Read more

Swine Flu Vaccination

According to the Permanent Commission on Vaccination (STIKO) at the Robert Koch Institute, there is a new communication on vaccination against New Influenza A (H1N1), from which the following facts emerge:The WHO criteria for a pandemic have been met for the “new flu“, as the virus has spread rapidly on all continents.There is no protective … Read more

Tetanus Vaccination

Active vaccination Tetanus vaccination (tetanus) is a standard vaccination (regular vaccination) given by means of an inactivated vaccine. In this process, the administration of the toxin stimulates the body to produce antibodies (defense cells), which then enable immunity (protection) against this disease. The following are the recommendations of the Standing Commission on Vaccination (STIKO) at … Read more