General information Theophylline is a drug from the group of methylxanthines and is used due to its effect especially in asthma therapy. It belongs to the same substance class as caffeine, for example, but has the additional property of having a bronchodilator effect in addition to its central effect. Theophylline is a prescription drug and … Read more

Side effects | Theophylline

Side effects Side effects of theophylline can occur even under properly adjusted therapy. These include headaches, restlessness and dizziness. In addition, the heart rate may change or problems in the gastrointestinal tract, such as hyperparasia or increased reflux (heartburn), especially at night. If signs of overreaction occur, such as itching, hives or skin rash, theophylline … Read more


Definition Pulmicort is a prescription drug with the active ingredient budenoside, which belongs to the group of glucocorticoids. Pulmicort is used as a powder inhaler or as a suspension in a nebulizer for various respiratory diseases. Pulmicort is also available as a nasal spray. Mode of action The active ingredient budesenoside belongs to the group … Read more

Contraindications | Pulmicort

Contraindications Pulmicort inhibits the immune system. Therefore, this medicine must not be used if a disease caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi is present in the respiratory tract. This is made worse by the use of Pulmicort. Caution is also advised in the case of liver problems, as here the active ingredient budesoside is broken … Read more


The medication Symbicort is available in the form of the “Symbicort Turbohaler”. This is an inhaler that contains two different active ingredients: Formoterolhemifumarate 1 H2O and budesenoside. Formoterolhemifumarate 1 H2O is a long-acting beta-agonist, also called a bronchodilator. The active ingredient makes breathing easier, because it relaxes the muscles of the bronchi. Budesonide, in turn, … Read more


Definition The active ingredient of the drug Spiriva® is tiotropium. It belongs to the group of so-called parasympatholytics. It is used in the context of so-called COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). The main symptoms of this disease are a chronic cough and increasing difficulty in breathing. Taking Spiriva® helps to counteract these symptoms. By dilating … Read more

Contraindications | Spiriva

Contraindications Spiriva® should not be taken if you are allergic to the active ingredient tiotropium or to lactose (milk sugar). As there is insufficient knowledge about the side effects in pregnancy, Spiriva® should only be used under a clear and necessary indication. During breastfeeding, Spiriva® should rather be avoided, as it is not sufficiently known … Read more


Synonyms in a broader sense Sultanol®, ß2-mimetic, -a, ß2-agonist, betasympathomimetic, -a, asthma drug, asthma spray, inhaler other short-acting drugs of the same group: Fenoterol (Berotec®), terbutaline (Bricanyl®), Reproterol (Bronchospamin®, and together with cromoglycic acid: Aarane®) Introduction Salbutamol is a drug that is used to treat certain lung diseases such as bronchial asthma or COPD and … Read more

Application | Salbutamol

Application The main field of application of salbutamol is chronic lung diseases. This particularly concerns lung diseases that are associated with a narrowing of the airways. Salbutamol is therefore the first choice for bronchial asthma. It is a strong and short-acting drug, which is especially needed in the case of an asthma attack. The effect … Read more

Contraindications | Salbutamol

Contraindications Salbutamol and other ß2-mimetics must not be administered to a patient if a patient Has a specific tumor of the adrenal gland (pheochromocytoma) Suffering from an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) Suffers from certain heart diseases (obstructive cardiomyopathy) Has cardiac arrhythmias (especially tachyarrythmias) All articles in this series: Salbutamol Application Contraindications

Salbutamol Spray

salbutamol Introduction Salbutamol is a drug belonging to the group of beta2 sympathomimetics or beta2 receptor agonists. It leads to the slackening of the smooth muscles as it occurs in the bronchial system. Therefore, salbutamol is used in diseases associated with narrowing of the airways and is called a bronchospasmolytic or bronchodilator. Among these diseases … Read more