White matter Spinal cord

Synonyms Medical: Substantia alba spinalis CNS, spinal cord, brain, nerve cell, gray matter spinal cord Spinal cord in general Like the brain, the spinal cord belongs to the central nervous system (CNS) and runs in the spinal column, more precisely in the spinal canal. The spinal cord is connected at the top to a part … Read more

Vegetative spinal cord | White matter Spinal cord

Vegetative spinal cord Vegetative path: Vegetative pathways are responsible for controlling unconscious processes such as digestion, sweating, blood pressure, etc. Fasciculus longitudinalis posterior (posterior longitudinal bundle) This path runs from the hypothalamus to the vegetative nerve cells, from where they innervate (control) the intestines, genital organs and the sweat glands of the skin. All articles … Read more

Spinal GanglionGanglion Cell

Synonyms Medical: Neuron, ganglion cell Greek: Ganglion = node brain, CNS (central nervous system), nerves, nerve fibers Declaration Ganglia are nodular accumulations of nerve cell bodies outside the central nervous system (= brain and spinal cord). They therefore belong to the peripheral nervous system. A ganglion usually serves as the last switch point before the … Read more

Spinous process

The spinous process is an extension of the vertebral arch, which starts at the point of greatest flexion and points centrally backwards. Depending on which vertebra the spinous process is located, it can have different shapes. At the cervical vertebrae, the spinous process is usually forked and kept short except for the 7th cervical vertebra, … Read more

Cause | Spinous process

Cause One cause of pain in the spinous process can be a fracture caused by an accident or a fatigue of the bone. In addition, spinous processes that are coarser and larger tend to get in the way, especially if there is also a severe lordosis in the lumbar spine, i.e. a convex bend forward. … Read more


Typical forms of the spine The spine has two twists away from one and two towards one (when the viewer looks at the back of another). Seen from the side, this corresponds approximately to the shape of a 2nd spinal column. The spinal column sections moving away from the observer are called lordosis, the sections … Read more

Prophylaxis | Lordosis

Prophylaxis A hollow back can be prevented and it is also highly recommended to do so! It is sufficient to change your posture frequently during the course of the day. Whoever sits a lot should stand up, whoever stands a lot should walk around a little. These simple measures are already a good first step. … Read more


Synonyms Coccyx, Os coccygis Introduction In evolutionary terms, the coccyx represents a developmental artifact. It is considered to be a remnant of the tail of human ancestors. From an anatomical point of view, the coccyx of an upright person forms the lower section of the spine pointing towards the ground. Besides the cervical, thoracic, lumbar … Read more

Spinal canal

Anatomy The spinal canal is also called the spinal cord canal or spinal canal. It is formed by the foramina vertebralis of the vertebral bodies of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine as well as the sacrum, and in it is the spinal cord, which is protected by meninges. The canal is bounded to the … Read more

Function | Spinal canal

Function The most important function of the spinal canal is to protect the spinal cord. The spinal cord is the connection from the brain to all organs, muscles, etc. and if it does not function properly, paralysis, organ failure or other limitations occur, so its protection is very important. A particularly dreaded complication of spinal … Read more