Spinous process

The spinous process is an extension of the vertebral arch, which starts at the point of greatest flexion and points centrally backwards. Depending on which vertebra the spinous process is located, it can have different shapes. At the cervical vertebrae, the spinous process is usually forked and kept short except for the 7th cervical vertebra, … Read more

Cause | Spinous process

Cause One cause of pain in the spinous process can be a fracture caused by an accident or a fatigue of the bone. In addition, spinous processes that are coarser and larger tend to get in the way, especially if there is also a severe lordosis in the lumbar spine, i.e. a convex bend forward. … Read more

Spinal canal

Anatomy The spinal canal is also called the spinal cord canal or spinal canal. It is formed by the foramina vertebralis of the vertebral bodies of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine as well as the sacrum, and in it is the spinal cord, which is protected by meninges. The canal is bounded to the … Read more

Function | Spinal canal

Function The most important function of the spinal canal is to protect the spinal cord. The spinal cord is the connection from the brain to all organs, muscles, etc. and if it does not function properly, paralysis, organ failure or other limitations occur, so its protection is very important. A particularly dreaded complication of spinal … Read more

Coccyx vertebra

Synonym: short: coccyx; Latin: Os coccygis Introduction The coccyx is a slightly forward curved section of the spine, which is formed by the fusion of 2-4 vertebrae. It is the lowest (caudal) section of the spinal column, which is connected to the sacrum via the cartilaginous sacrococygeal joint. Anatomy The coccygeal vertebra no longer shows … Read more

History | Coccyx vertebra

History Historically, the coccyx is probably a functionless remnant (rudiment) from old times. It is assumed that humans had a kind of tail in former times, which then regressed. What remained were the few vertebrae of the coccyx. Possibility of movement The movement possibilities in the coccyx vertebrae are exclusively forward or backward, rotations are … Read more

Vertebral Arch

Synonyms lat. Arcus vertebrae rarely also called neural bow Introduction The vertebral arch is part of every vertebra, and thus also part of the spine. The vertebral arch connects to the back of the vertebral body and forms a vertebra together with it. The vertebral arches of several vertebrae then together form the spinal canal … Read more

Vertebral body

The spine consists of 24 vertebrae, which in turn are composed of a vertebral body and a vertebral arch. Anatomy The anatomy of the vertebral bodies reflects the special function of the spinal column, which includes on the one hand the protection of the spinal cord and on the other hand as an important element … Read more

Broken vertebral body | Vertebral body

Broken vertebral body A vertebral body can be broken in various ways. An enormous vertical compression, in which the vertebral bodies are pressed together from above and below, can lead to so-called “impressions” or indentations, to the formation of gaps, or to complete fragmentation of the vertebral body. In addition, the vertebral body can be … Read more