Small intestine

Synonyms in a broader sense Interstitium tenue, jejunum, ileum, duodenum Definition The small intestine is the section of the digestive tract that follows the stomach. It is divided into three sections. It begins with the duodenum, followed by the jejunum and ileum. The main function of the small intestine is to split the food pulp … Read more

Length | Small intestine

Length The small intestine is a very motion-active organ and therefore has no fixed length. Depending on the state of contraction, the small intestine is 3.5 to 6 meters long, with the individual sections being of varying size. The smallest part of the small intestine is the duodenum, which is directly adjacent to the stomach. … Read more

MotionPeristalsis | Small intestine

MotionPeristalsis After absorption into the small intestinal mucosa, the nutrients are transferred into the bloodstream. Through the vascular network (capillaries) in the villi of the small intestine, the sugars, the amino acids (from peptides) and the short to medium-chain fatty acids are absorbed into the blood vessels and are passed on to the liver via … Read more

Important diseases | Small intestine

Important diseases Ulcerative colitis is also a disease from the group of chronic inflammatory bowel diseases (CED). Ulcerative colitis is particularly characterized by affection of the large intestine, but can also sometimes affect the small intestine. This is known as “grown-in” inflammation of the small intestine (“backwash ileitis”). This disease is also autoimmunologically triggered and … Read more

Colon function and diseases

Synonyms in a broader sense Colon, Interstitium grassum, colon, rectum, rectum (rectum, rectum), appendix (caecum), appendix (Appenedix vermiformis) Definition As the last digestive tract section, the large intestine connects to the small intestine and frames the small intestine with its 1.5 meters length from almost all sides. The main task of the large intestine is … Read more