Sports medical examination methods are important elements in determining a sports activity profile and are therefore used in many different areas. A sports medical examination can take place for various reasons. It can be the aim to determine a person’s athletic performance, but also to exclude certain risks that could occur during sports activities.
Often, findings or abnormalities occur that may have a long-term disease potential, but which can be eliminated by early detection. The main task of sports medical examination methods is the exclusion of contraindications to sporting activities. In principle, every person should have himself examined once from a sports medical point of view in order to exclude risks and to be able to better assess his performance.
However, there are also recommendations as to which groups of people should undergo a sports medical examination. Children from the age of ten with the aim of taking part in sports should have themselves examined in order to prevent possible problems and clarify their fitness for sports. Likewise, persons over 30 years of age who are newcomers to sport or have not taken part in sport for at least five years should have themselves examined in order to rule out risks and contraindications to exercise.
Every athlete who is 35 years old or older should undergo a sports medical examination, because the body changes with age and the strain is not as high and the conditions are no longer optimal. Here too, the main interest is to avoid possible disease patterns caused by doing sports. Especially athletes who have health problems and would like to start doing sports should definitely see a sports doctor before they start. A large group of people are those who need rehabilitation due to illness, sports injuries or the increasing age. This group of patients needs a precise sports medical examination to find out with which stress normatives rehabilitation can and should be done.