Synonyms in a broader sense
Golf, golf injury, back pain, tennis elbow, golfer’s elbow, golf elbow, shoulder, lumbar spine. This topic addresses itself to persons, who suffered illnesses within the range of the joint and retaining apparatus by one-sided overloading by the gulf haven. Beside the persons, into which an illness suffered, this topic is to carry assistance out to avoid overloading damage. The golf sport can be accomplished up to the high age, also the prosthetic supply of knee and hip joint, does not limit the ability to play golf. Due to the increasing popularity of golf, injuries and diseases caused by golf are becoming more and more important in orthopedics.
Sports medicine factors
During an 18-hole round of golf, the golfer covers a distance of about 10 to 12 km. The calorie consumption during a five-hour tournament is estimated at approximately 1500 kcal. The energy is generated especially from the desirable fat burning and less from sugar splitting.
A training effect that has a positive effect on the cardiovascular system will be achieved with an energy burn of more than 2000 kcal per week. Therefore, at least 27 holes must be played. In several studies could be proven that an existing high blood pressure improves, the heart attack risk sinks and the blood fats (LDL – Cholesterin and Triglyceride) sink, which is to be due essentially to fat burn.
Under competition conditions, stress-related high blood pressure can also occur in cardiovascular healthy individuals. Especially cardiac patients and patients suffering from high blood pressure are at risk of damage to the vascular system under competition conditions. Due to the high physical and mental stress under tournament conditions, the pulse rate averages over 100 beats per minute.
Possibilities of injury during golf
Due to the short-term high peak loads during the flapping movement, the joint and musculoskeletal system is subjected to strong short-term stress. Injuries can occur in the area of the. Acute injuries in golf are rare.
Beginners in particular are at risk from missed shots into the ground due to lack of practice. This can cause bruising and dislocation.
- Spine (lumbar spine and transition from cervical spine to thoracic spine)
- Upper ankle joint
- Achilles tendon
In rare cases, “ricochet” injuries can be caused by the impact of a golf ball at high speed.
Fortunately, such injuries are very rare due to a very disciplined playing style of all players and adherence to the rules of golf. Direct impact injuries to the skull can be fatal. The majority of all injuries in golf usually occur slowly, but therefore tend to become chronic. This means that the disease cannot be improved even under therapy, or that the body’s self-healing powers are overtaxed and require professional support from an orthopedist. Statistically, the most frequent injury to the golfer is in the spinal column elbow joint shoulder wrist knee joint
- Elbow joint
- Knee Joint