Attention deficit syndrome, fidgety Phil syndrome, psychoorganic syndrome (POS), hyperkinetic syndrome (HKS), ADHD, Fidgety Phil, ADHD. Attention Deficit Syndrome, Psychoorganic Syndrome (POS), ADD, Attention – Deficit – Disorder, minimal brain syndrome, Behavioral Disorder with Attention and Concentration Disorder, Attention Deficit Disorder, ADD, Attention Deficit Disorder, Dreamers, “Hans-guck-in-the-Air”, Dreamers.
Definition and description
People who suffer from attention deficit syndrome with or without hyperactivity or a mixture of the two, all have variable, sometimes below-average concentration and attention skills. In addition to the actual symptoms, which can lead to serious problems, other learning problems often make themselves felt. Examples of these are reading, spelling and / or arithmetic difficulties.
These problems can also occur when the child is highly gifted. The aim of any diagnosis is not to give a name to the abnormalities of the child’s behaviour, but to work on the actual problem areas so that the symptomatic behaviour is reduced and a “normal” contact with the environment is possible. If ADHD has been diagnosed, this does not mean that one can rest on one’s laurels.
Rather the opposite is the case. It is important to adapt to the problems by means of multi-layered therapy (= multimodal therapy) in order to work out the best possible way of dealing with the clinical picture. The aim of every diagnostic is therefore to create an individual therapy plan as seamlessly as possible, which specifically adapts the different forms of therapy to the individual symptoms.
A distinction is made between:
- The possibilities offered by drug therapy. – the different forms of psychotherapeutic treatment
- The various forms of curative education therapy
- The alternative therapy concepts, such as various dietary forms, nutritional therapeutic measures, or also
- Newer therapeutic approaches, such as neurofeedback (EEG – Biofeedback)
Since the parents, and thus the family, bear the main responsibility for a child, it is important that parents are involved in the therapy and that the individual measures taken are also substantially supported at home. The support of the ADHD child at home is very important, because every therapy reaches its limits when parts of the upbringing “don’t follow”.
In addition, it is also known that an inconsistent educational style cannot be held responsible for the development of ADHD, but that such an educational style has a significant influence on the manner in which the condition develops. Education is generally to be considered holistically and the closer all those involved in education work together, the better it succeeds. It is not possible to make a sweeping assessment of which components of therapy can be categorised as particularly beneficial.
Rather, it must be based on the individual circumstances. The symptoms and the individual starting situation (family environment, etc.) provide important information on which the therapy is ultimately based.
An ADHD therapy varies from child to child. Not always all therapy areas must be used. Please contact your treating physician, who can give you more detailed information regarding the individual fit.
The list does not claim to be complete. ADHD is a complex disease which is not yet understood in all areas. Therefore, the treatment approaches are manifold, in some parts even fundamentally contradictory.
The aim of psychotherapeutic forms of treatment is to treat psychological and emotional behavioural disorders with the help of classical psychological forms of therapy. Generally described, they aim at the treatment of the soul and comprise different measures and methods, such as For example, in the following you will find further information on the different forms of treatment. – deep psychological,
- Behavioural therapy, or
- Systemic forms of treatment.
As a further development from the ideas of Sigmund Freud, C.G. Jung (= Carl Gustav Jung) and Alfred Adler, depth psychology is also a further development of psychoanalysis, analytical psychology and individual psychology, through which forms and techniques of treatment have been developed, which are mainly used when conflicts (disorders) occur in (childhood) development and negatively affect the relationship between people and each other. With regard to ADHD, this means that the child’s behaviour is closely observed and causally questioned in order to explain and understand behaviour.
Typical behavioural patterns that have a negative impact on the child’s development and the environment should not only be recognised but also questioned and replaced by alternative (more positive) behavioural patterns by means of various forms of deep psychological treatment. Grounded behavioural patterns are not always easy to analyse and usually cannot be changed at once. Depth psychology assumes that the outwardly shown behaviour is caused or partly caused by unresolved (inner) conflicts. Therefore, a targeted and well thought-out therapy is needed, which in a special way does not ignore the soul life of the person and takes into account possible unresolved conflicts. You can find further information about the forms of treatment and the topic of depth psychology here: Depth Psychology.