General information The thigh is the upper part of the leg between hip and knee, or between buttocks and lower leg. It has a strongly developed musculature, which serves mainly for locomotion and statics. The extent of movement in the hip and knee joint, however, is much less pronounced than on the upper arm. Thigh … Read more

Femoral neck | Thigh

Femoral neck The femoral neck (collum femoris) is the anatomical section of the femur that connects the shaft (corpus femoris) with the head (caput femoris). A certain angle is formed between the collum and the corpus femoris (the collum-diaphyseal angle), which should be between 125 and 135 degrees. On the one hand, the neck of … Read more

Joints | Thigh

Joints The hip joint represents the connection between thigh and hip (Articulatio coxae). It is a nut joint, a special form of the ball joint. The head of the joint is clearly more than halfway in the acetabulum. The socket (acetabulum) is formed by the pelvis, the joint head is the head of the femur … Read more

Nerves on the thigh | Thigh

Nerves on the thigh The nerval innervation of the thigh is carried out via the various nerves from the pelvic nerve plexus (Plexus lumbosacralis). From the lumbar plexus emerges the genitofemoral nerve, which sensitively innervates the scrotum and a small part on the inner side of the thigh. The femoral nerve also originates from the … Read more

Diseases of the thigh | Thigh

Diseases of the thigh The fracture of the femoral neck (also called just femoral neck fracture) is a very common fracture. It mainly affects postmenopausal women and patients suffering from osteoporosis. Anatomically, the femoral neck fracture is divided into a medial (inside the joint capsule) and a lateral (outside the joint capsule) fracture. Furthermore, the … Read more

Summary | Thigh

Summary The thigh consists of the largest tubular bone (femur) of the human body and numerous muscles, which are used especially for locomotion and for standing upright. They are divided into three large groups: The thigh is connected to the trunk via the hip joint and to the lower leg via the knee joint. Various … Read more

Vascularization of the leg

Arteries The arterial supply of the lower extremity originates from the large abdominal aorta. An outer and an inner pelvic artery branch off from here: External iliac artery and Internal iliac artery The branches of the internal iliac artery pass through the pelvis and branch out further into their end branches. The arteria iliolumbalis supplies … Read more

Veins | Vascularization of the leg

Veins The veins of the leg are divided into superficial and deep veins. The superficial veins run directly under the skin and without accompanying arteries, while the deep veins are often named like the arteries and run together with them. Superficial and deep veins are connected by connecting veins (Vv. Perforantes). The largest superficial vein … Read more

Anatomy of the foot

At the foot the differences between humans and quadrupeds are most pronounced. In contrast to many four-legged friends, humans need a foot that rests on the ground with 2 or 3 points for a normal, safe stand. The foot is connected to the lower extremity by ankle joints. A distinction is made between the upper … Read more

Joints of the foot | Anatomy of the foot

Joints of the foot With the exception of the ankle joints, all tarsal joints are amphiarthroses, i.e. “real” joints that have a joint space: Articulatio calcaneocuboidea Articulatio tarsi transversa (Chopart joint line) Here, the talus and heel bone are separated from the tarsal bones located further forward: Articulatio cuneonavicularis Articulatio cuneocuboidea Articulationes intercuneiformes Calcaneocuboid articulatio … Read more

Lower leg amputation | Lower leg

Lower leg amputation A transtibial amputation refers to the (surgical) removal of the lower leg. The leg below the knee joint is removed. This allows the joint to continue to function properly, medium-heavy tasks can still be performed, and walking for longer distances and on uneven ground is still possible. Nevertheless, this operation is a … Read more