Support in the home environment
It would be too easy and therefore it makes sense: a therapy cannot start with a therapist, regulate itself by taking tablets alone, etc. These mentioned measures together with other measures form the cornerstones, the framework so to speak. The home environment and the measures taken there to make it easier to cope with ADHD are an essential moment in the design of the therapy, which gives the parents and their support of the ADHD child in the home environment a very important task. Since this task can also be very difficult – this is almost always told by affected parents – the family situation is very often very strained.
Psychotherapeutic and curative education approaches include the following forms of therapy:
- Behavioural Therapy
- Self management training
- Depth Psychology
- Family therapy
- The Marburg Concentration Training for Schoolchildren (MKT)
- Autogenic training
- Muscle relaxation according to Jacobson
- Neurofeedback (EEG – Biofeedback)
The success of the therapy depends on many factors. On the one hand, it is important that ADS is detected early. A diagnosis at a young age can ensure that attention and behavioral training helps to avoid problems at school and psychological support can ensure psychological well-being.
There is no cure for ADHD, which is why some sufferers have to struggle with their lack of concentration and attention throughout their lives. However, with the right therapy and psychological care, affected persons can in most cases lead a normal life without major restrictions. Due to the difficulties in diagnosis and the available resources, the optimal treatment for ADHD is unfortunately not always the rule. Therefore, the therapeutic success prospects of multidisciplinary treated patients are very good, but rather poor in the overall collective of ADHD patients.
As nutritional-therapeutic possibilities, or nutritional therapy there are: Alternative forms of therapy: Due to the fact that the effectiveness of alternative forms of treatment has either not yet been sufficiently tested for its efficacy or has been explicitly warned in some cases by science, you will find further information at the appropriate place. – Nutrition therapy
- Nutrient therapy
- Oligo – Antigens – Diet (Diets according to Egger)
- Diet according to Feingold
- Diet based on oats
- AFA – Algae therapy
Drug therapy is probably the most controversial form of treatment for ADHD. One reason for this is that the drugs are psychotropic drugs – usually stimulants – which influence the psychological functions, such as mood, affectivity and emotionality, but also the attention, impulsiveness and drive of the ADHD child. Even if this may sound “bad” at first sight, drug therapy has its raison d’être and right to be used when the diagnosis of ADHD is precisely established.
In the case of ADHD, the same drugs are used as in ADHD, since they improve the signal transmission and blood circulation in the brain, regardless of the cause. Primarily psychostimulants such as methylphenidate (in Ritalin®, Medikinet®) are used, but especially in ADHD, alternatives such as atomoxetine (in Strattera®) or homeopathic substances are also popular, as the typical medications are often less effective in this attention deficit disorder. Ritalin® is the most common medication for the treatment of ADHD and is also the first choice of many doctors for ADHD.
It contains the active ingredient methylphenidate, an amphetamine-like substance that increases the concentration of dopamine in the synapses and thus improves the brain‘s signal transmission. It is a psychostimulant and is very effective and fast-acting, especially in ADHD, but also in ADD. It is therefore very popular with children with major problems at school or otherwise acute suffering from their symptoms.
However, since it often causes side effects, about half of all patients, it is increasingly being displaced by alternatives. These side effects include mainly short-term complaints such as loss of appetite, depressive moods and headaches, but also longer-term psychological problems are observed. Especially in ADHD, where it often has a less strong effect than in ADHD, non-drug treatment strategies should therefore also be considered.